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题名: Advances in Porous Organic Catalysis
其他题名: 有机多孔催化研究进展
作者: Wang, CA; Wang, W(王为)
收录类别: SCIE ; CSCD
出版日期: 2015-06-15
刊名: ACTA CHIMICA SINICA
卷号: 73, 期号:6, 页码:498-529
期刊主办单位: 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所 ; 中国化学会
出版者: SCIENCE CHINA PRESS
出版地: BEIJING
中文摘要: 有机多孔材料POPs (Porous Organic Polymers)成为近年来的研究前沿之一. 有机多孔材料包括非晶型(如CMP, HCP, PIM等)和晶型(比如COFs等)有机多孔材料两类, 它们具有优异的孔性质、较大的比表面积、稳定性好、重量轻以及易于功能化等诸多优点, 被广泛应用于气体存储分离、传感、有机光电和多相催化等重要领域. 这里对有机多孔材料在多相催化领域中的应用做一综述. 目前, 有机多孔催化领域的研究工作主要有三类: 一类是通过“自下而上”策略将金属-配体类催化剂嵌入有机多孔骨架来构建多相催化剂; 另一类是将有机多孔材料作为载体, 通过后修饰方式负载金属纳米颗粒构建多相催化剂; 最后一类是通过“自下而上”策略将不含金属的有机小分子催化剂嵌入材料骨架来构建多孔有机催化剂. 受益于其结构的优越性, 有机多孔材料在多相催化中表现出优异的催化性能. 借鉴于均相催化的发展, 具有催化活性的有机多孔材料在多相催化领域中的应用也将会有更大的发展空间.
英文摘要: Porous organic polymers (POPs) have become one of a frontier of the research in recent years. POPs including amorphous (e.g. CMP, HCP, PIM, etc.) and crystalline (e.g. COF) porous organic polymers. Due to their inherent porosity, large specific surface area, light Weight and easy functionalization at the molecular level, POPs have recently received significant attention for potential applications in gas storage/separation, organic photoelectric, sensoring and heterogeneous catalysis. Here, this review focus on recent developments of POPs in heterogeneous catalysis. Currently, the research on the application of POPs for heterogeneous catalysis is classified into three sections: (a) "bottom-up" embedding metal-ligand catalyst into POPs for heterogeneous catalysis; (b) the encapsulation of metal nanoparticles into POPs for heterogeneous catalysis; (c) "bottom-up" embedding organocatalyst into POPs for heterogeneous organocatalysis. Benefiting from its structural superiority, these functional POPs exhibit excellent catalytic activity. Reference to the development of homogeneous catalysis, the application of functional POPs for heterogeneous catalysis will also have more room for development.
关键词: porous organic polymers ; bottom-up strategy ; post-modification ; heterogeneous catalysis ; asymmetric catalysis
作者部门: [Wang Chang-An] Taishan Univ, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Tai An 271021, Shandong, Peoples R China ; [Wang Wei] Lanzhou Univ, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, State Key Lab Appl Organ Chem, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
通讯作者: Wang, CA (reprint author), Taishan Univ, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Tai An 271021, Shandong, Peoples R China.
学科分类: Chemistry
文章类型: Review
所属项目编号: Promotive Research Fund for Excellent Young and Middle-aged Scientists of Shandong Province [BS2014CL035]
语种: 中文
DOI: 10.6023/A15010019
ISSN号: 0567-7351
WOS记录号: WOS:000359098200004
CSCD记录号: CSCD:5477238
IR记录号: WOS:000359098200004
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/180087
Appears in Collections:化学化工学院_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Wang, CA,Wang, W. Advances in Porous Organic Catalysis[J]. ACTA CHIMICA SINICA,2015,73(6):498-529.
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