兰州大学机构库
Impact of parent-child separation on children's social-emotional development: a cross-sectional study of left-behind children in poor rural areas of China
Shi, Huifeng1,2; Wang, Yuanyuan2,3; Li, Mengshi1; Tan, Chang1; Zhao, Chunxia1; Huang, Xiaona4; Dou, Yan1; Duan, Xiaoqian1; Du, Yufeng5; Wu, Tianchen1; Wang, Xiaoli1,6; Zhang, Jingxu1,6
2021-04-29
Source PublicationBMC PUBLIC HEALTH
Volume21Issue:1
AbstractBackground Parent-child separation is a considerable adversity for left-behind children (LBC), but there is little evidence on the association between detailed characteristics of parent-child separation and social-emotional development among LBC. This study examined the characteristics of parent-child separation and its impacts on developmental delay among under-3 LBC in poor rural China. Methods We used data from 811 LBC surveyed in five poor counties in rural China in 2018. Detailed characteristics of their parental migration were recalled by their primary caregivers in face-to-face interviews. The children's social-emotional development was measured by using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional. Logistic regression was employed to examine the association of detailed characteristics of parent-child separation with early social-emotional problems after adjusting for the children's and primary caregivers' sociodemographic characteristics. Results 287 (35.4%) children were left behind by fathers and cared for by mothers (FM-MC), while 524 (64.6%) were left behind by both parents and cared for by grandparents (PM-GC). The rate of social-emotional problems among LBC was 36.8% (PM-GC vs FM-MC: 40.6% vs 29.5%aOR 1.51, 95% CI: 16 to 2.16). For paternal migration, the medians of the child's age at the first migration and average duration per migration were 3 months (IQR: 1 to 9 months) and 4.48 months (IQR: 2.38 to 7.54 months), respectively. For maternal migration, the corresponding values were 9 months (IQR: 6 to 13 months) and 4.65 months (IQR: 2.71 to 7.62 months), respectively. On average, LBC had been separated from fathers for 72% of their life due to paternal migration and from mothers for 52% of their life due to maternal migration. No significant association was found between the detailed characteristics of paternal migration and social-emotional development among LBC, while social-emotional problems among LBC were significantly associated with the proportion of cumulative duration of maternal migration in the child's lifetime (aOR 2.8395% CI: 1.13 to 7.10). Conclusions LBC under 3 years had a high risk of social-emotional problems in poor rural China. Cumulative exposure to maternal migration may be detrimental to LBC's early social-emotional development. Programs are necessary to support these children as well as their families.
KeywordParent-child separationLeft-behind childrenSocial-emotional developmentEarly childhood
PublisherBMC
DOI10.1186/s12889-021-10831-8
Indexed BySCOPUS ; SCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000654914900002
Original Document TypeArticle
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/450173
Collection兰州大学
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Maternal & Child Hlth, 38 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China;
2.Peking Univ Third Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, 49 North Garden Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China;
3.Peking Univ Third Hosp, Natl Clin Res Ctr Obstet & Gynecol, 49 North Garden Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China;
4.UNICEF China, Sect Hlth Nutr & Water Environm & Sanitat, 12 Sanlitun Rd, Beijing 100600, Peoples R China;
5.Lanzhou Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Stat Sch Publ Hlth, 199 West Donggang Rd, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
6.Natl Hlth Commiss Key Lab Reprod Hlth, 38 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationSchool of Public health
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shi, Huifeng,Wang, Yuanyuan,Li, Mengshi,et al. Impact of parent-child separation on children's social-emotional development: a cross-sectional study of left-behind children in poor rural areas of China[J]. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,2021,21(1).
APA Shi, Huifeng.,Wang, Yuanyuan.,Li, Mengshi.,Tan, Chang.,Zhao, Chunxia.,...&Zhang, Jingxu.(2021).Impact of parent-child separation on children's social-emotional development: a cross-sectional study of left-behind children in poor rural areas of China.BMC PUBLIC HEALTH,21(1).
MLA Shi, Huifeng,et al."Impact of parent-child separation on children's social-emotional development: a cross-sectional study of left-behind children in poor rural areas of China".BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 21.1(2021).
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