兰州大学机构库 >资源环境学院
Precipitation in surrounding mountains instead of lowlands facilitated the prosperity of ancient civilizations in the eastern Qaidam Basin of the Tibetan Plateau
Dong, GH(董广辉)1,2; Li, Teng3; Zhang, Shanjia1; Ren, Lele4; Li, Ruo1; Li, GQ(李国强)1; Xiao, Yongming5; Wang, Zhongxin5; Chen, Fahu2
2021-08
Source PublicationCATENA
ISSN0341-8162
Volume203
AbstractPrecipitation fluctuation has been suggested as a crucial influencing factor in the evolution of ancient civilizations across the world. Nuomuhong culture (similar to 3400-2450 BP) and Tuyuhun (313-663 CE) were unique ancient civilizations that developed in the eastern Qaidam Basin of the north Tibetan Plateau. However, how precipitation variation in the mountain-basin system has affected the rise and fall of these two ancient civilizations is not well understood. Based on analyses of grain size, magnetic susceptibility, Rb/Sr ratio, loss on ignition, and optically stimulated luminescence dates from an aeolian deposit sequence, lowland climate change in the Qaidam Basin during the late Holocene is reconstructed. The Rb/Sr ratio varies from 0.31 to 0.33 during similar to 2500-2300 BP, it increases from 0.33 to 0.44 during similar to 2300-1600 BP, and decreases from 0.44 to 0.29 during similar to 1600-1400 BP, suggesting the climate was relatively dry during similar to 2500-2300 BP and similar to 1600-1400 BP and relatively wet during similar to 2300-1600 BP in the lowlands of the eastern Qaidam Basin, which corresponded well to the gap between the Nuomuhong and Tuyuhun periods. However, the prosperous periods of the Nuomuhong and Tuyuhun were synchronous with high precipitation in the surrounding mountains. Therefore, high precipitation in the surrounding mountains nourished the expansion of oases and then facilitated the development of Nuomuhong and Tuyuhun, which was inconsistent with precipitation variation in the lowlands of eastern Qaidam Basin. The spatiotemporal pattern of precipitation in the mountain-basin system of the Qaidam Basin during the late Holocene was likely affected by solar activity through uplifting-subsiding air flow mechanism, with more precipitation in the mountain and less precipitation in the basin under higher solar activity. A cognitive model is provided to illustrate how solar activity affected the spatiotemporal patterns of precipitation in the mountain-basin structure of the eastern Qaidam, and then human settlement and civilization evolution during the late Holocene.
KeywordQaidam Basin Late Holocene Precipitation change Nuomuhong culture Tuyuhun Kingdom Mountain-basin system
PublisherELSEVIER
DOI10.1016/j.catena.2021.105318
Indexed BySCOPUS ; SCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaGeology ; Agriculture ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Soil Science ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000654354000018
Original Document TypeArticle
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/452410
Collection资源环境学院
Affiliation1.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
2.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
3.Guangzhou Univ, Sch Geog & Remote Sensing, Guangzhou 510006, Peoples R China;
4.Lanzhou Univ, Hist & Culture Sch, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
5.Qinghai Prov Inst Cultural Rel & Archaeol, Xining 810007, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationCollege of Earth Environmental Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Dong, Guanghui,Li, Teng,Zhang, Shanjia,et al. Precipitation in surrounding mountains instead of lowlands facilitated the prosperity of ancient civilizations in the eastern Qaidam Basin of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. CATENA,2021,203.
APA Dong, Guanghui.,Li, Teng.,Zhang, Shanjia.,Ren, Lele.,Li, Ruo.,...&Chen, Fahu.(2021).Precipitation in surrounding mountains instead of lowlands facilitated the prosperity of ancient civilizations in the eastern Qaidam Basin of the Tibetan Plateau.CATENA,203.
MLA Dong, Guanghui,et al."Precipitation in surrounding mountains instead of lowlands facilitated the prosperity of ancient civilizations in the eastern Qaidam Basin of the Tibetan Plateau".CATENA 203(2021).
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