兰州大学机构库 >草地农业科技学院
The sustainable development of grassland-livestock systems on the Tibetan plateau: problems, strategies and prospects
Shang, Z. H.1,2; Gibb, M. J.3; Leiber, F.4; Ismail, M.5; Ding, L. M.6; Guo, X. S.6; Long, R. J.1
2014
Source PublicationRANGELAND JOURNAL   Impact Factor & Quartile Of Published Year  The Latest Impact Factor & Quartile
ISSN1036-9872
Volume36Issue:3Pages:267-296
AbstractThe Tibetan plateau is the source of most of the major rivers of Asia and has a huge impact on the livelihoods of the population, who have for centuries engaged in traditional herding practices. Sustainable management of the plateau is of critical importance not only for maintaining livelihoods but also because of its vital ecological function. The major problem of sustainable development in these grassland-livestock systems is the conflict between forage and livestock production. Despite considerable investment of manpower, material resources and capital over many years, attempts to resolve the problem have not been successful. The magnitude of conflict between forage and livestock is addressed by presenting 19 resolution strategies based on numerous research data. Each of these strategies is evaluated in terms of how it can be implemented, its potential benefits for livestock production, current progress and the requirement for further research. The 19 strategies have been divided into four topic categories, namely; grassland-forage, livestock, economy and market, society-culture, which cover the basic elements of sustainable development in this pastoral region. It is argued that improved planning and implementation of the proposed strategies must be based on the background investigation of natural and social status of the pastoral region. Particular attention needs to be given to genetic resources and technology in order to ensure the successful implementation of these proposals. In addition to expanding the use of 18 currently practiced strategies, the authors propose a further novel strategy of replacing the current intensive form of ecological migration with a model incorporating two semipermanent settlements. The objective of this novel strategy is to retain the nomadic element of pastoral husbandry while increasing the temporal and spatial scale of rotational stocking to reduce pasture degradation on the Tibetan plateau. It is argued that these proposals should be urgently incorporated into two national plans for the pastoral livestock industry, and the construction of an ecologically safe shelter zone on the Tibetan plateau, while ensuring a sustainable livelihood of its pastoral residents. Ensuring a successful implementation of these strategies in resolving the conflict between grassland and livestock, and promoting sustainable development on the Tibetan plateau, requires willing support at the level of national investment and policy commitment and from the herdsmen.
Keywordconflict grassland ecology and livelihood livestock nomadic system resolution strategies sustainable development
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
PublisherCSIRO PUBLISHING
DOI10.1071/RJ14008
Publication PlaceCLAYTON
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
First Inst
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目 ; 国家重点基础研究发展计划以及国家重大科学研究计划(973计划) ; 国家科技支撑计划 ; 新世纪优秀人才支持计划
Project NumberNational Natural Science Foundation of China [41171417] ; Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University [NCET-13-0261] ; National Key Projects for Basic Research of China [2010CB951304] ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology [2012BAC01B02-3]
WOS IDWOS:000340270900007
Funding OrganizationNSFC ; MOST ; MOE
SubtypeReview
Department[Shang, Z. H.;
Long, R. J.] Lanzhou Univ, State Key Lab Grassland Agroecosyst, Coll Pastoral Agr Sci & Technol, Lanzhou 730020, Peoples R China;
[Shang, Z. H.] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
[Gibb, M. J.] Inst Grassland & Environm Res, North Wyke EX20 2SB, Devon, England;
[Leiber, F.] FiBL, Dept Livestock Sci, Res Inst Organ Agr, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland;
[Ismail, M.] Int Ctr Integrated Mt Dev, Kathmandu, Nepal;
[Ding, L. M.;
Guo, X. S.] Lanzhou Univ, State Key Lab Grassland Agroecosyst, Sch Life Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/113811
Collection草地农业科技学院
生命科学学院
Corresponding AuthorShang, Z. H.
Affiliation
1.Lanzhou Univ, State Key Lab Grassland Agroecosyst, Coll Pastoral Agr Sci & Technol, Lanzhou 730020, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Inst Grassland & Environm Res, North Wyke EX20 2SB, Devon, England
4.FiBL, Dept Livestock Sci, Res Inst Organ Agr, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland
5.Int Ctr Integrated Mt Dev, Kathmandu, Nepal
6.Lanzhou Univ, State Key Lab Grassland Agroecosyst, Sch Life Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shang, Z. H.,Gibb, M. J.,Leiber, F.,et al. The sustainable development of grassland-livestock systems on the Tibetan plateau: problems, strategies and prospects[J]. RANGELAND JOURNAL,2014,36(3):267-296.
APA Shang, Z. H..,Gibb, M. J..,Leiber, F..,Ismail, M..,Ding, L. M..,...&Long, R. J..(2014).The sustainable development of grassland-livestock systems on the Tibetan plateau: problems, strategies and prospects.RANGELAND JOURNAL,36(3),267-296.
MLA Shang, Z. H.,et al."The sustainable development of grassland-livestock systems on the Tibetan plateau: problems, strategies and prospects".RANGELAND JOURNAL 36.3(2014):267-296.
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