兰州大学机构库 >生命科学学院
干旱条件下裸燕麦根源信号、渗透调节及与产量形成的关系
Alternative TitleThe root-sourced signals, osmotic adjustment and its relation to yield formation of naked oats under drought
王弢
Thesis Advisor李凤民
2013-06-02
Degree Grantor兰州大学
Place of Conferral兰州
Degree Name硕士
Keyword裸燕麦 非水力根源信号 水力信号 渗透调节 籽粒产量 籽粒水分利用效率
Abstract通过盆栽试验研究了5个品种裸燕麦(Avena sativa L.)根源信号、渗透调节及其与籽粒产量的相互关系。供试材料为不同年代选育的裸燕麦品种,分别为早期育成的地方品种老莜麦(LY)、燕麦(YM)和现代育成的品种定莜5号(DY5)、定莜6号(DY6)、定莜7号(DY7)。试验研究了裸燕麦在干旱胁迫下的根源信号特征、渗透调节能力、籽粒产量和籽粒水分利用效率(WUEG<下标!>)在品种之间的差异,并探究了这三者之间的相互关系。所得结论如下: 1、逐渐干旱依次激发了裸燕麦的非水力根源信号(nHRS)和水力信号(HS)。5个裸燕麦LY、YM、DY5、DY6和DY7的非水力根源信号土壤水分阈值区间分别为59.0-34.7% FWC(FWC,田间持水量)(24.3% FWC)、56.4-31.6% FWC(24.8% FWC)、51.8-35.0% FWC(16.8% FWC)、60.4-34.1% FWC(26.3% FWC)、51.8-30.1%(21.7% FWC)。因此,相对于老品种(LY、YM),新品种的nHRS土壤水分阈值区间的并没有显著拓宽。 2、通过测定干旱胁迫下裸燕麦叶片水势(WP)、叶片渗透势( OP)及叶片膨压势(TP),衡量其渗透调节阈值区间;LY:-1.295~-1.492 MPa、YM:-1.273~-1.493 MPa、DY5:-1.237~-1.727 MPa、DY6:-1.274~-1.768 MPa、DY7:-1.342~-1.781 MPa)。可见,新品种的渗透调节能力强于老品种。 3、5个裸燕麦品种的致死叶片水势大小排序为: YM(-3.2 MPa)> LY(-3.8 MPa)> DY5(-4.5 MPa)> DY6(-5.6 MPa)> DY7(-6.0 MPa),即新品种的致死叶片水势低于老品种,表现出较强的耐脱水性。相关分析发现,5个燕麦品种的致死叶片水势与渗透调节阈值区间呈负相关(r2<上标!> = -0.801, P > 0.05)。 4、产量形成实验发现,新品种在三个水分梯度(90%、55%、35% FWC)下的籽粒产量、收获指数及籽粒水分利用效率等方面都高于老品种。相关分析表明,中度水分胁迫下(55% FWC),裸燕麦籽粒产量与nHRS土壤水分阈值区间呈显著负相关(r2<上标!> = -0.881, P < 0.05),与渗透调节阈值区间呈显著正相关(r2<上标!> = 0.886, P < 0.05);而严重水分胁迫下(35% FWC),裸燕麦籽粒产量与nHRS阈值区间和渗透调节阈值区间没有显著的相关性(P>0.05)。同时发现干旱胁迫下(55%和35% FWC)裸燕麦的籽粒水分利用效率(WUEG)与渗透调节阈值区间呈显著正相关(r2<上标!> = 0.952,P < 0.05;r2<上标!> = 0.981,P < 0.01)。综上,在旱地裸燕麦的选育过程中,新品种渗透调节能力和耐脱水性的增强有益于其干旱胁迫下的籽粒产量和WUEG<下标!>。
Other AbstractThe pot experiments were carried out to investigate the relationships of root-sourced signals, osmotic adjustment and grain yield of five naked oat ( Avena sativa L.) cultivars. Two early-released cultivars, Laoyoumai (LY, 1950s) and Yanmai (YM, 1950s), and three recently-released cultivars were, Dingyou5 (DY5), Dingyou6 (DY6) and Dingyou7 (DY7) were used in this studies. The performance of root-sourced signals, osmotic adjustment,grain yield and water use efficiency for grain (WUEG<下标!>) of five naked oat cultivars under drought stress were recorded, and their relationships were analyzed. The main results as follows: 1. The non-hydraulic root-sourced signal (nHRS) and hydraulic signal (HS) of naked oat cultivars were triggered in turn during the gradually soil drying. The soil water content (SWC) threshold range of nHRS for LY, YM, DY5, DY6 and DY7 were 59.0-34.7% FWC (field water content)(24.3% FWC), 56.4-31.6% FWC(24.8% FWC), 51.8-35.0% FWC(16.8% FWC), 60.4-34.1% FWC(26.3% FWC)and 51.8-30.1%(21.7% FWC) respectively. Therefore, the SWC threshold range of nHRS was not be broadened in recently-released cultivars, comparing to that of early-released cultivars. 2. The leaf water potential (WP), leaf osmotic potential (OP) and leaf turgor potential (TP) were measured in naked oat cultivars to evaluate their threshold range of osmotic adjustment. The threshold range of osmotic adjustment for LY, YM, DY5, DY6 and DY7 were -1.295~-1.492 MPa, -1.273~-1.493 MPa, -1.237~-1.727 MPa, -1.274~-1.768 MPa and -1.342~-1.781 MPa, respectively; Which shows the osmotic adjustment ability in recently-released cultivars were better than that of early-released cultivars. 3. The lethal leaf water potentials of five naked oat cultivars were compared as follows: YM (-3.15 MPa) > LY (-3.77 MPa) > DY5 (-4.50 MPa) > DY6 (-5.55 MPa) > DY7 (-6.02 MPa); the lethal leaf water potential was lower in recently-released cultivars, which showed higher desiccation tolerance. Correlation analysis showed lethal leaf water potential was negatively correlated to the SWC threshold range of osmotic adjustment (r2<上标!> = -0.801, P > 0.05). 4. Yield formation experiment showed that grain yield, harvest index (HI) and water use efficiency for grain (WUEG<下标!>) in recently-released cultivars were higher than that in early-released cultivars, no matter which water-supply regions (90%, 55%, 35% FWC). At moderate water stress (55% FWC), the grain yield negati...
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Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/221428
Collection生命科学学院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王弢. 干旱条件下裸燕麦根源信号、渗透调节及与产量形成的关系[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2013.
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