兰州大学机构库 >学院待认领
甘肃省农村地区沙眼患病率的调查报告
Alternative TitleOn Prevalence Rate of Trachoma In Rural Areas, Gansu Province
王雅东
Thesis Advisor张文芳
2015-05-20
Degree Grantor兰州大学
Place of Conferral兰州
Degree Name硕士
Keyword沙眼 患病率 诊断 治疗 儿童 成年人
Abstract目的 调查甘肃省沙眼患病情况,为甘肃省防盲办关于根治致盲性沙眼的计划提供数据支持。 方法 甘肃省防盲办公室根据以往我省沙眼患病率发病特点,选定武山县滩歌镇、民勤县西渠镇及积石山县胡林家乡为疑似高发区。2013年10月甘肃省项目办组织在3个调查县抽取小学生共计150人,其中男生72人,女生78人,年龄5-10岁,平均年龄7.5岁,进行沙眼快速评估。2014年8月期间对武山县、积石山县两地15岁以上391496名成人进行倒睫性沙眼及角膜混浊的患病率调查。两次调查均采用世界卫生组织推荐的沙眼简化分级系统。 结果 ①150名受检小学生中,未检出活动性沙眼,无沙眼性倒睫和角膜混浊病例发生。②武山县成人沙眼患病率为0.051%,积石山县成人沙眼患病率为0.031%;2.武山县男性成人沙眼患病为0.033%,女性成人沙眼患病率为0.068%;积石山县男性成人患病为0.017%,女性成人沙眼患病率为0.046%。 结论 ①致盲性沙眼在甘肃省已不再是公共卫生问题。②我省农村地区成年人沙眼的患病率较低。③我省农村地区女性成年人沙眼的患病率高于男性。④省、市、县和乡各级卫生医疗机构应该做好疾病的预防和控制,进一步做好防治沙眼宣教、监测工作。
Other AbstractObjective: Make surveys on the situation of the incidence of trachoma in Gansu province, and provide data for the Plan of radical cure of the blinding Trachoma which was proposed by Gansu provincial Office of Blindness Prevention (abbr. “the Office”) . Methodology: Based on the characteristics of the Trachoma morbidity in Gansu province, the Office selected three towns which are suspected to have high incidence of Trachoma. The three places are Tange town of Wushan county, Xiqu town of Minqin county as well as Hulinjia town of Jishishan county. In October of 2013, the Office made a survey in the three towns in order to make fast assessment on Trachoma. 150 pupils with the age ranging from 5 to 10 were involved, including 72 boys and 78 girls. The average age was 7.5. In August of 2014, two surveys on the incidence of Trachomatous Trichiasis and Corneal Opacity were made in Wushan and Jishishan counties. The surveys engaged 391,496 adults with the age above 15. These surveys were supported by the Trachoma Simplified Classification System which is recommended by WHO. Result: ①There were no cases of active Trachoma, Trachoma Trichiasis and Corneal Opacity found among the 150 pupils. ②The adult Trachoma morbidity of Wushan county is 0.051%, and 0.031% in Jishishan county. ③ Among which 0.033% for males and 0.068% for females in Wushan county, while 0.017% for males and 0.046% for females in Jishishan county. Conclusion: ① Blinding Trachoma is no longer a public health issue in Gansu province.② The incidence of Trachoma for adults in Gansu province is low.③ The incidence for female adults is higher than that for male adults in rural areas of Gansu province.④ All levels of Health care institutions should strengthen their contributions on disease prevention and control, should further highlight the dissemination of Trachoma prevention as well as Trachoma monitoring and control.
URL查看原文
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/223499
Collection学院待认领
Affiliation临床医学院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王雅东. 甘肃省农村地区沙眼患病率的调查报告[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2015.
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