兰州大学机构库 >学院待认领
甘肃省甘南藏族自治州舟曲县藏、汉族小学生干眼症的流行病学调查
Alternative TitleEpidemiological investigation of dry eye in Tibetan and Han pupils in Zhouqu country, Gansu Province
田静
Thesis Advisor张文芳
2013-05-20
Degree Grantor兰州大学
Place of Conferral兰州
Degree Name硕士
Keyword小学生 干眼症 患病率 流行病学调查
Abstract  目的:探讨甘肃省甘南藏族自治州舟曲县藏、汉族小学生干眼症的患病率及相关危险因素。   方法:横断面研究方法。于2012年5月在甘肃省舟曲县采用随机整群抽样法,抽取2个小学共2548人, 进行问卷调查、眼科常规检查及泪液分泌试验、泪膜破裂时间测定和角结膜荧光素染色三项检查确定诊断,并将调查结果运用SPSS17.0统计软件进行统计分析。   结果:实际受检者为2548例,应答率为90.61%,干眼症患病率为11.89%(303/2548),汉藏比例为1.99:1(1697:851),藏族干眼症患病率为12.22%,汉族干眼症患病率为11.73%,藏、汉族患病率无显著差异(X2=0.132,P>0.05),其中男女比例为1.06:1(1324:1224),男生患病率为13.22%,女生患病率为10.38%,男生高于女生(X2 =6.202,P<0.05)   结论:在小学生中藏、汉族患病率无显著差异,男生患病率高于女生,最常见的不良症状为分泌物增多,随年龄增大干眼症的患病率增加,年龄、倒睫、结膜炎、屈光不正是儿童干眼症的危险因素。
Other Abstract AIM: To investigate the prevalence and related risk factors of dry eye in Tibetan and Han pupils in Zhouqu county, Gansu Province.  METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. In May 2012, altogether pupils were randomly selected as survey venues. Every participant completed symptoms of dry eye questionnaire, eye inspection, SchirmerⅠtest, BUT, and FI, then confirmed the diagnosis. The SPSS17.0 software was used to analyze the data.  RESULTS: The inclusion ratio was 90.61%. The prevalence rate of dry eye was 11.89%. Han-Tibetan ratio was 1.99:1. The prevalence of dry eye had no statistically significant difference among the Tibet nationality(12.22%) and Han (11.73%)(P>0.05). The male-female ratio was 1.06:1; The prevalence of dry eye in the boy (13.22%) was higher than the girl(10.38%)(P<0.05).  CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dry eye has no statistically significant difference among the Tibet and Han. The prevalence of dry eye in boy is higher than girl. And the prevalence of dry eye increases along with the aging process. The most common symptoms is increased secretion. Relative risk factors of dry eye are age, trichiasis conjunctivitis and refractive error.
URL查看原文
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/223505
Collection学院待认领
Affiliation临床医学院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
田静. 甘肃省甘南藏族自治州舟曲县藏、汉族小学生干眼症的流行病学调查[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2013.
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