The idea and the work are two main points in Zhou Zuoren’s world. If we want to understand Zhou deeply,the two aspects should be both underlined. They link tightly and construct a spirit hall.
Zhou ties the idea and the work on the work、the literature、the style and the content. The work which is more formal and friendly in Zhou’s world is modern transition of traditional work idea. He regards the poem and novel as the work, but the literature is like a alien concept which have the burden of ideology, such as politics、moral、revolution and so on. Zhou who believes in Esperanto during the Five-Forth Movement contacts the literature with the humanism、the evolution、the new villages and presents the moral literary ideas in the
pre-forty period. Zhou observes the phenomena on the basis of the facts that are “the literature” is with some colors of the reality which is the popular ideas. During the thirties Zhou is absorbed in the ancient books, he is also called “the works-printed man” by people. On the other side, Zhou has his own thinking and researches about the novel and poem which show his suggestions the face of the style. Zhou pays more attentions to the content, because he studies many subjects which help him think about questions on the high place. The ideas can keep the broad space to the facts if we research the men and the world with it. In fact, literature is the
container of the idea, that is to say, the idea is the symbol of the high-level literature.Chapter 1 analyzes the links between the work and the spirit, in which the spirit is laid on the important role. In the twenties, Zhou practices the literary idea of “Making the flood in the arm” during that hurry times.After the failure of the Revolutions, the intellectual begin the stronger development than the Five-forth period.
Zhou believes that the words don’t have any functions, so he is about to write the natural things for the slogan of
the own works. But these works are not the free things which have the great meanings. During the latter period Zhou strengthens the Confucians and the life which are the sound reasons in the moral practices. The literature,however, has many traces of the idea and the moral, for example, moral literature, humanism etc. Chapter 3 studies the poem、eight principles woks、the diary and letter、the works-printed and so forth and aims to understand the essence of his literary idea. The form and the content are based on the Liu Xie’s literary theory which lay emphasis on the latter, including the literature and the history、the literature and the science、the literature and the philosophy、the literature and the psychology and so on.. According to Literary Theory, they
are the outside research. That is Zhou’s “sophisticated works” which take the strong effect to the Zhou’s literary
As a non-up to date or reactionary writer, the research of Zhou’s literary ideas not only balance the research of the literary ideas among the Left Group or revolutionary, but also bring some helpful things to the contemporary literary ideas. There are some aspects such as the idea of “Making the flood in the arm”、pursuing to the livelihood、liberalism irony、the literature and the history which are all stretched into a new step on the basis of the old research results. Influencing by the Chinese humorous graceful writers such as Tao Yuanming、Jin Shengtan、Qiu Shuixuan and European reasoning, Zhou’s literary ideas make a road of the modernize Chinese literature on the Renaissance riverbed.