兰州大学机构库 >文学院
Alternative TitleYan'an Drama Movement and Its Textual analysis
Thesis Advisor彭岚嘉
Degree Grantor兰州大学
Place of Conferral兰州
Degree Name博士
Keyword延安戏剧运动 秧歌剧 民族新歌剧 旧戏改编 民族化与大众化



Other Abstract

Yan’an drama movement is a nationalized and popular literary practice under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, with Shanghai “left-wing drama” and Soviet “red drama” being its experience and team source. In the wake of war outbreak, the two revolutionary “art armies” gathered in Yan’an, presenting an art type for “intellectuals” and that for “workers, peasants and soldiers” these two forms of drama activities in Yan’an early stage of the drama. After the rectification movement and Chairman Mao Zedong’s speech at the Forum of Art and Literature in Yan’an, intellectuals in Yan’an unified their thoughts, transformed their standpoints and gave up the identity recognition as torchbearers, sincerely melting themselves into the broad masses of people, innovating the folk art form, and practicing the true sense of drama nationalization and popularization together with the people, namely old art forms endowed with new experiments, Yangko opera movements, new national opera movements, Peking operas being important components of Yan’an drama movement in the formation of Yan’an style for the following new pattern of cultural activities, dominating and affecting the development of Chinese contemporary literature for a long time.

According to the above clues, mainly around the questions of “how Yan’an drama happened”, “how intellectuals could be exiled”, “how to use and create national form”, “Yan’an style formation” and “the tradition embodiment of Yan’an opera”, this dramatic drama movement is to be explored, discussed and analyzed. The thesis is divided into four chapters besides the introduction. The introduction part aims to expound the cause of Yan’an drama movement from the historical process of nationalization and modernization, explain the Yan’an drama movement background and analyze the historical inevitability of Yan’an drama. The first chapter focuses on the team construction of Yan’an drama. First of all, from the geographical orientation of Yan’an and the historical mission of intellectuals, the reasons for the formation of Yan’an drama team are to be analyzed, with the pre-Yan’an drama activities combined to point out the inevitabilities of its ideological transformation, consequently its standpoint transformation, identity recognition and thought change. In the second chapter, from the perspective of stage narration, Yangko opera movements, new national opera movements, old opera adaptations and Peking operas, all these important drama components of Yan’an opera are to be discussed with the explanation of how the revolution and politics can complete the reconstruction of folklore form and finally realize the nationalization and popularization of revolutionary drama. The third chapter starting from the creation mechanism mainly deals with the interaction between politics and literature, and links the specific text of the Yan’an drama movement with the historical reality to discuss the theme of folk expression in the political transformation discourse: “rebelling”, standing up and laboring. The fourth chapter mainly elaborates the influence of Yan’an drama on the drama policy, drama organization and the specific drama form after the founding of the People’s Republic of China from the aspects of direction guidance and cultural tradition, with its historical significance summed up on this basis.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
吴双芹. 延安戏剧运动及其文本研究[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2017.
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