|Alternative Title||A Study on Sharp Initial and Round Initial
|Place of Conferral||兰州
|Other Abstract||"The thesis discusses sharp initial and round initial from two aspects: historical evolution and current situations.
Firstly, the thesis combs through thirty-five linguistic documents from the Song Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty. Through making a general survey, we find that character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓) accomplished palatalization gradually in the initial evolution. Sharp initial and round initial made a way from opposition to confusion, finally merged. By analyzing the documents, we conclude that the palatalization of character groups of Jianxiao(见晓) was earlier than the groups of Jing(精).
Secondly, the thesis investigates division and mergence of sharp initial and round initial in five hundred and sixty-two dialect points. In two hundred and forty-six dialect points which occupies forty-three point eight percent, initials of character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓) merge together. We divide these dialects into four types according to the initial quality of character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓). And in other three hundred and sixteen dialect points which occupies fifty-six point two percent, initials of character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓) are different. We divide these dialects into five types according to the different initial quality of character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓). The thesis also analyses the disparity of sharp initial and round initial between new variety and old variety in some dialects. We conclude that Popularization of mandarin greatly influences mergence of sharp initial and round initial.
Finally, the thesis sums up some regular rules which can be used to identify character groups of Jing(精) and Jianxiao(见晓) by utilizing characters made of determinative and phonetic complement.|
朱云雁. 尖团音研究[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2005.
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