|Alternative Title||Violence,Redemption and Love:A Study on Violence in Flannery O'Connor's Short Stories
|Place of Conferral||兰州
|Other Abstract||lannery O’Connor has given us a fascinating gallery of the American South. Her works are always permeated with macabre violent instances. The violence causes much confusion or epiphany, detestation or interest among readers, but whatever it causes, it requires a lot of thoughts and senses to understand.
The thesis focuses on violence in O’Connor’s short stories. It intends to study the reasons why O’Connor persists in employing violence and analyze the relationship of violence, redemption and love through the archetypal interpretation of her short stories.
The writer discovers that, in O’Connor’s short stories, violence in effect is intended to reveal the theme of redemption. Her central characters, being proud of their seemingly higher social status and virtue, are invariably intoxicated in their pride and self-righteousness, which blind them to their shallow beliefs and render them too complacent. Consequently they deny their need of redemption. However, O’Connor recognizes their sinful nature and the lack of love in their social prejudices, and she thinks that their redemption is possible only when their masks are stripped off. Therefore, again and again she employs the shock of violence to expose their blinded eyes, uproot their self-righteousness. The violent instances are inevitably followed by a crushing awareness of their unworthiness and a shedding of self-righteousness, and then the self-righteous can deny themselves and obtain redemption. The manifestation of redemption is love, which means the spiritual identification with others, in other words, the love among the human beings regardless of the difference of class, race and sex, etc. Therefore, violence is the means of redemption and redemption is the purpose of violence; love is the revelation of violence and manifestation of redemption. The pattern of redemption-through-violence can be virtually carried over into any of O’Connor’s stories permeated with violence. It is the recurrence of the archetypes in “Book of Job”.
Chapter One introduces a critical survey of violence in O’Connor’s short stories and the significance of the thesis. In Chapter Two the writer analyzes why there is so much violence in O’Connor’s works from the perspective of the Southerner background and her
penchant for violence. Chapter Three includes an introduction to the theory of archetypal criticism and the archetypes of self-righteous Job, the accuser Satan, and the redemption through violence. I...|
杜以向. 暴力·救赎·爱——弗兰纳里·奥康纳短篇小说中的暴力研究[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2005.
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