兰州大学机构库
Comparing the Residential Sustainability of Two Transformation Models for Chinese Urban Villages: Demolition/Relocation Market-Oriented and New Rural Construction
Yang, Yongchun1,2,3; Liu, Qing1; Wang, Meimei1
2019-08
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY   Impact Factor & Quartile Of Published Year  The Latest Impact Factor & Quartile
EISSN2071-1050
Volume11Issue:15
page numbers30
AbstractIn China, large-scale urban village transformation has profoundly influenced the residential sustainability and interests of indigenous villagers. Local governments have widely adopted a demolition/relocation market-oriented model (D/RMM) for transformation of most of the urban villages (UVs) in China. During the D/RMM process, the interests of indigenous villagers have generally suffered to a certain extent. Originally, the new rural construction model (NRCM) was only used to improve rural development and sustainability. However, it has now occasionally been applied in the UV transformation process to safeguard and guarantee the interests of the village collective and villagers. Given the considerable difference between the two transformation models, we explored the sustainability and impact mechanisms of residential landscapes in terms of housing condition sustainability, community environment sustainability, and livelihood sustainability, through the cases of Beimiantan New Village (BNV) with NRCM and Xiaoyantan Village (XV) with D/RMM in Lanzhou, Gansu, China. The research findings reveal the differences in institutional design and social influence, and changes in the redistribution of benefits between the two transformation models. Overall, the residential sustainability of NRCM is higher than the D/RMM's. Meanwhile, the influence factors in the residential sustainability of the two transformation models can mostly be attributed to three aspects: (1) Land development rights allocation models and earning redistribution fundamentally affect villagers' housing condition sustainability; (2) The collective economy and the informal economy are the potential drivers of sustainable village community transformation; (3) Informal institutions and village social networks protect and continue the social capitals in village. Specifically, the NRCM in BNV has the following advantages in improving residential sustainability: (1) Collective land assets can be further activated; (2) Villagers' vested interests are largely safeguarded; (3) The main role of social low-rent housing and informal employment places in the original village is optimized to a larger extent; (4) The original villagers' social networks remain stable and intact. In summary, villagers' rights are maintained and enhanced via informal institutions, informal economies, and original social relationship networks are completely preserved through NRCM in BNV, as much as possible. Therefore, NRCM can maximize the villagers' interests, that may be conducive to residential sustainability in the transformation of China's urban villages.
Keywordurban villages transformation residential sustainability new rural construction model (NRCM) demolition relocation-oriented market model (D RMM) sustainable livelihoods
PublisherMDPI
DOI10.3390/su11154123
Indexed BySCIE ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41571155] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[lzujbky-2019-31]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000485230200128
PublisherMDPI
Original Document TypeArticle
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/418758
Collection兰州大学
Corresponding AuthorYang, Yongchun
Affiliation
1.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
2.Northwest Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Xian 710127, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Lanzhou Univ, Key Lab West Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Yongchun,Liu, Qing,Wang, Meimei. Comparing the Residential Sustainability of Two Transformation Models for Chinese Urban Villages: Demolition/Relocation Market-Oriented and New Rural Construction[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(15).
APA Yang, Yongchun,Liu, Qing,&Wang, Meimei.(2019).Comparing the Residential Sustainability of Two Transformation Models for Chinese Urban Villages: Demolition/Relocation Market-Oriented and New Rural Construction.SUSTAINABILITY,11(15).
MLA Yang, Yongchun,et al."Comparing the Residential Sustainability of Two Transformation Models for Chinese Urban Villages: Demolition/Relocation Market-Oriented and New Rural Construction".SUSTAINABILITY 11.15(2019).
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