|Orbital torque of Cr-induced magnetization switching in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Pt/Cr heterostructures|
|Xie, Hongfei; Chang, Yuhan; Guo, Xi; Zhang, Jianrong; Cui, BS(崔宝山); Zuo, YL(左亚路); Xi, L(席力)|
|Source Publication||Chinese Physics B
Impact Factor & Quartile|
|Abstract||The spin-orbit torque via the spin Hall effect of heavy metals has shown promising prospect in driving the magnetization switching in spintronic devices due to the generated spin current from heavy metals. Recently, the 3d-light metals have been predicted the ability to generate orbital current and the associated orbital torques from the orbital Hall effect. However, few experiments have been carried out since it is quite hard to directly detect the orbital current-generated orbital torque. Here, we report an effective method to demonstrate the strong orbital torques in light metal Cr through a conversion process from orbital current to spin current by introducing the Pt interfacial layer in perpendicularly magnetized symmetric Pt/Co/Pt structures. A quite large and monotonically growth of orbital torque efficiency in Pt/Co/Pt/Cr with the increase of the thickness of Cr layer is obtained with the largest effective orbital torque efficiency around 2.6 Oe/(MA⋅cm−2) (1 Oe = 79.5775 A⋅m−1). The ability of orbital torque to drive the magnetization switching is also reported with the critical switching current density down to the order of 106 A⋅cm−2. Our findings prove the efficiency for switching the magnetization from light metal Cr layers through the orbital Hall effect. © 2023 Chinese Physical Society and IOP Publishing Ltd|
Orbital hall effect
|Publisher||Institute of Physics
|EI Accession Number||20231313796723
|EI Keywords||Spin Hall effect
|EI Classification Number||531 Metallurgy and Metallography
; 701.2 Magnetism: Basic Concepts and Phenomena
; 913.1 Production Engineering
; 931.2 Physical Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids
; 933.1.1 Crystal Lattice
|Original Document Type||Journal article (JA)
Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, The Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou; 730000, China
|First Author Affilication||School of Physical Sicence and Technology
Xie, Hongfei,Chang, Yuhan,Guo, Xi,et al. Orbital torque of Cr-induced magnetization switching in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Pt/Cr heterostructures[J].
Chinese Physics B,2023,32(3).
Xie, Hongfei.,Chang, Yuhan.,Guo, Xi.,Zhang, Jianrong.,Cui, Baoshan.,...&Xi, Li.(2023).Orbital torque of Cr-induced magnetization switching in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Pt/Cr heterostructures.Chinese Physics B,32(3).
Xie, Hongfei,et al."Orbital torque of Cr-induced magnetization switching in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Pt/Cr heterostructures".Chinese Physics B 32.3(2023).
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