兰州大学机构库 >哲学社会学院
荣耀的向死存在:海德格尔哲学视域下的 《伊利亚特》英雄
Alternative TitleGlorious Being Towards Death: The Heroes of the Iliad in a Heideggerian perspective
吴恩惠
Subtype学士
Thesis Advisor郭吉军
2023-05-18
Degree Grantor兰州大学
Place of Conferral兰州
Degree Name哲学学士
Degree Discipline哲学
Keyword《伊利亚特》 阿喀琉斯 向死存在 the Iliad Achilles being-toward-death
Abstract

《伊利亚特》作为堪称古希腊思想精神源流的荷马史诗之一部分,对其进行哲学性研究亦有重大意义,而古希腊思想与海德格尔哲学的共鸣又使得此类研究适于在后者的视域中进行;现阶段基于海氏哲学乃至存在主义的《伊利亚特》研究尚属一较为年轻的领域,故以海氏对死亡的讨论作为基地进行史诗考察虽适合于《伊利亚特》,但当前仍少有成果问世。
文章以居于史诗核心的英雄“阿喀琉斯”之形象为中心,通过对史诗原文文本及语词使用方式的考察,借助各类神话学与语言学研究成果,挖掘出史诗中对于“英雄的死亡命运、必死性”的强调;并分析了史诗内部围绕“忒提斯”与“帕特洛克罗斯”二个与阿喀琉斯“本真的”死亡相联系的形象展开的叙事;最终通过针对史诗中二种“光荣”——荣耀[τιμή]与荣誉[κλέος]作分析,得出“史诗叙事中的终极价值实为此在对自身之作为向死存在的本真领会”这一结论。

Other Abstract

The Iliad, as one of the Homeric epics that can be regarded as the source of ancient Greek thought and spirit, has great significance for philosophical research, and the resonance between ancient Greek thought and Heidegger's philosophy makes such research suitable to be conducted in the latter's horizon; at present, research on the Iliad based on Heidegger's philosophy and even existentialism is still a relatively young field, so it is appropriate to conduct an epic investigation based on Heidegger's discussion of death for the Iliad, but there are still few achievements published. This article takes the image of "Achilles", who is at the core of the epic, as the center, and through an examination of the original text and usage of words in the epic, with the help of various mythological and linguistic research results, it excavates out the emphasis on "the fate of death and mortality" of heroes in the epic; and analyzes the narrative unfolding around two images related to Achilles' "authentic" death: "Thetis" and "Patroclus"; finally, through an analysis of two kinds of "glory" - honour [τιμή] and fame [κλέος] - in the epic, it draws out this conclusion: "the ultimate value in epic narrative is actually this understanding of one's own being-towards-death as authentic".

MOST Discipline Catalogue哲学 - 哲学 - 外国哲学
URL查看原文
Language中文
Other Code262010_320190946410
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/536781
Collection哲学社会学院
Affiliation
兰州大学哲学社会学院
First Author AffilicationSchool of Philosophy and Sociology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
吴恩惠. 荣耀的向死存在:海德格尔哲学视域下的 《伊利亚特》英雄[D]. 兰州. 兰州大学,2023.
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