兰州大学机构库
Non-pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation: analysis of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Nian, Tao1,2; Guo, Kangle1,2; Liu, Wendi1,2; Deng, Xinxin1,2; Hu, Xiaoye1; Xu, Meng1,2; Fenfen, E.1,2; Wang, Ziyi1,2; Song, Guihang3; Yang, Kehu1,2,4; Li, Xiuxia1,2; Shang, Wenru1,4,5
2023-09-29
Source PublicationBMC Medicine   Impact Factor & Quartile
ISSN1741-7015
Volume21Issue:1
page numbers17
AbstractBackgroundAlthough non-pharmacological smoking cessation measures have been widely used among smokers, current research evidence on the effects of smoking cessation is inconsistent and of mixed quality. Moreover, there is a lack of comprehensive evidence synthesis. This study seeks to systematically identify, describe, and evaluate the available evidence for non-pharmacological interventions in smoking populations through evidence mapping (EM), and to search for best-practice smoking cessation programs.MethodsA comprehensive search for relevant studies published from the establishment of the library to January 8, 2023, was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, Wan Fang, and VIP. Two authors independently assessed eligibility and extracted data. The PRISMA statement and AMSTAR 2 tool were used to evaluate the report quality and methodology quality of systematic reviews/meta-analyses (SRs/MAs), respectively. Bubble plots were utilized to display information, such as the study population, intervention type, evidence quality, and original study sample size.ResultsA total of 145 SRs/MAs regarding non-pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation were investigated, with 20 types of interventions identified. The most commonly used interventions were cognitive behaviour education (n = 32, 22.07%), professional counselling (n = 20, 13.79%), and non-nicotine electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) (n = 13, 8.97%). Among them, counselling and behavioural support can improve smoking cessation rates, but the effect varies depending on the characteristics of the support provided. These findings are consistent with previous SRs/MAs. The general population (n = 108, 74.48%) was the main cohort included in the SRs/MAs. The total score of PRISMA for the quality of the reports ranged from 8 to 27, and 13 studies (8.97%) were rated as high confidence, and nine studies (6.21%) as moderate confidence, in the AMSTAR 2 confidence rating.ConclusionsThe abstinence effect of cognitive behaviour education and money incentive intervention has advantages, and non-nicotine e-cigarettes appear to help some smokers transition to less harmful replacement tools. However, the methodological shortcomings of SRs/MAs should be considered. Therefore, to better guide future practice in the field of non-pharmacological smoking cessation, it is essential to improve the methodological quality of SRs and carry out high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
KeywordNon-pharmacological approaches Smoking cessation Healthy Evidence map Systematic reviews/meta-analyses
PublisherBMC
DOI10.1186/s12916-023-03087-z
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaGeneral & Internal Medicine
WOS SubjectMedicine, General & Internal
WOS IDWOS:001077993700001
Original Document TypeArticle
PMID 37775745
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/568757
Collection兰州大学
Corresponding AuthorShang, Wenru
Affiliation
1.Lanzhou Univ, Hlth Technol Assessment Ctr, Evidence Based Social Sci Res Ctr, Sch Publ Hlth, 199 Donggang West Rd, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
2.Key Lab Evidence Based Med & Knowledge Translat Ga, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
3.Gansu Prov Med Secur Bur, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
4.Lanzhou Univ, Evidence Based Med Ctr, Sch Basic Med Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;
5.Lanzhou Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr, Hosp 1, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nian, Tao,Guo, Kangle,Liu, Wendi,et al. Non-pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation: analysis of systematic reviews and meta-analyses[J]. BMC Medicine,2023,21(1).
APA Nian, Tao.,Guo, Kangle.,Liu, Wendi.,Deng, Xinxin.,Hu, Xiaoye.,...&Shang, Wenru.(2023).Non-pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation: analysis of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.BMC Medicine,21(1).
MLA Nian, Tao,et al."Non-pharmacological interventions for smoking cessation: analysis of systematic reviews and meta-analyses".BMC Medicine 21.1(2023).
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